Mediterranean Mooring Techniques

Types of Mooring: The stern-to

You will also notice that there are different types of mooring from country to country and even from port to port when exploring different places with your boat. The most common type of mooring in our country and generally in the Mediterranean is stern attachment. All you have to do is to have everything ready, keep as many fenders as possible and stay calm for to connect professionally and immerse yourself in what the harbor has to offer. Let us look at the subtleties of this type of attachment all together:


Propeller Maneuver

Always ensure that there is a propeller maneuver among your docking plans during the lathe maneuver when mooring from the stern or approaching with an anchor or heaving line.



Before you start manoeuvring, evaluate the wind and consider how the current force and direction wind will affect your boat, not what it is now, but its position a few hours later.

Do your ropes hold well enough for the night? If the wind blows at night, does your boat remain open enough from the pontoon / pier to avoid any damage?



Know your anchor – learn its length and understand when to release your anchor; so you’re sure you have enough chains and enough distance to dock as well. You can’t have a bad transom land experience just to realize you don’t have any chains left only 1 meter to the pier! If this is the case, see Article 6 and try again . If you are tying heaving line, make sure that there is someone waiting on the boat with a boat hook and crossing over to the head to fasten the stem quickly.


Mooring lines

It is important that you have two sturdy ropes on the stern before starting the maneuver; so when you enter the mooring area, you are ready to secure your boat’s stern as quickly as possible.



It is very important that everyone is aware of what is happening on the boat, when maneuvering, whether it is sailing or engine watching. Be sure to always inform your crew in advance; so everyone knows their role and what is expected of them. Being ready is half of tackling the job.



a) Forward -neutral – Astern – neutral – Forward

The key points to keep in mind when approaching and leaving the mooring place by using a combination of forward and reverse maneuvering are to take your time and respect your boat’s gearbox. It is easy to steer the boat forward and backward without shifting gear in the middle of a maneuver; however, this does not help you, especially if your gearbox breaks down.



b) When to steer

The classic mistake made by many captains when maneuvering the astern is trying to maneuver backwards and still moving the rudder with forward maneuvering. The problem that is inevitably caused can easily be solved. Remember to wait until the boat remains stationary before turning; so you can easily maneuver.

If you fail in the first move

Don’t be afraid of trying it again. Even the best boat captains sometimes need a second chance. Conditions can be difficult and it is always better to do it right than just do it, no matter how many attempts you need to tie the boat correctly.

Keep Calm

It is easy to say, difficult to do; but staying calm and communicating clearly are key elements of a successful maneuver. A calm captain imbues faith with his crew and allows them to focus on doing their jobs right.

Set Out

Before setting out in the morning, make sure you do not release the stern line until the last minute.  This will help you control the head side; so you can move smoothly as you leave your mount.



Extra hints

The stern is, of course, not the only method of attachment. Here are a few small tips about other methods:



It is the most basic skill and method that you will use every day to spend the night at a quiet anchorage as well as lunch breaks.

  • Take into account the swing area – don’t get too close to other boats! You will need to evaluate your boat’s possible fixed position and position to make sure you don’t get too close to your neighbors when the wind blows.Keep in mind that your boat must have enough swing space to make a complete circle to avoid collisions with other boats’ mooring circles.
  • Depth – There will be a difference between the point at which the iron is thrown and the anchor / chain location; so check your pilot book and map to make sure you have enough depth where you are and where you will be swinging.


Connecting to land

Another method of mooring, which is anchoring, does not allow oscillation; however, it can be performed safely if other boats perform the same maneuver.

  • Prepare in advance and discuss the maneuver. You will need to prepare an action plan since logistics is involved in the maneuver. This action plan may vary depending on your environment (is there a large, solid rock around you, or is it wiser to land and bury the vault?) . Focus on holding the iron immediately and then take the rope and secure it.
  • Check the land and decide whether you need to swim ashore with the rope or drive by motor.



It is usually an easier option for smaller boats; because boats move more “normally” in advanced maneuvers and save you from underwater bile. The cockpit area of your boat will be away from the pier and will give you some kind of privacy. Not recommended for boats larger than 40ft.

  • Prepare everything in advance – you have enough space to use the vault anchor on the stern of the boat and make sure that it is clear and clean and that you have enough anchor chains to allow your anchor to be buried and reach the pier.
  • Get on your way to land! One of the biggest troubles of land is that you have to go to the railing to get ashore. Therefore, consider how easily you can get off the boat before attempting to make a head start.



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